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plantago ovata family

[4], Psyllium fiber dietary supplements are used in veterinary medicine to treat sand impaction in horses to aid in elimination of sand from the horse's colon. Plantago-seed mucilage is often referred to as husk, or psyllium husk. Maximum germination occurs at a seeding depth of 6 mm (1/4 in). [13], Fiber generally has few side effects. [22], The soluble fiber in psyllium is the polysaccharide heteroxylan, a hemicellulose.[23]. The species used as psyllium are chosen be - cause they possess unusually mucilaginous seeds; they are not all closely related. Harvested seed must be dried to below 12% moisture to allow for cleaning, milling, and storage. Plantago ovata Forsk. The term mucilage describes a group of clear, colorless, gelling agents derived from plants. P. major can grow up to 15 cm in height.2 These species grow aggressively; plantago i… [1] It is commonly used as a food ingredient in manufactured breakfast cereals. Ribwort Psyllium is a poor competitor with most weed species. [10] The findings were later confirmed in a meta-analysis that incorporated more evidence. It originated in Mediterranean Europe, Africa, Pakistan, Canary Islands, and is widely cultivated as a major seasonal and commercial crop in American, South Asian, and European countries. The plant is self-fertile. Plantago seed, known commercially as black, French, or Spanish psyllium, is obtained from P. psyllium, also known as P. arenaria. Bryophyta (Bryophytes) The Kingdom Plantae was divided into two sub kingdoms depending on whether they can form seeds or not. Use of psyllium in the diet for three weeks or longer lowers blood cholesterol levels in people with elevated cholesterol,[2][3] and lowers blood glucose levels in people with type 2 diabetes. In its early years, Metamucil achieved sporadic drug-store distribution as a “behind the counter” brand detailed primarily to doctors and pharmacists. Stem short, branched basally, internode 2-15 mm, densely white villous-lanate. This page was last edited on 12 December 2020, at 22:24. Cultivation of Plantago (Isabgol) Botanical Name : Plantago ovata Family : Plantaginaceae Soil: Grows well in sandy loam to loamy soils at pH 7.2 to 8.5 but avoid soils with poor drainage. Plantago ovata is an annual herb that grows to a height of 30–46 cm (12–18 in). Plantago Major is an edible and medicinal plant and one of the best weeds for food and medicine.Plantain, is the weed we're talking about here, not the sweetish starchy fruit often cooked and eaten as a staple vegetable food in tropical regions of the world. Climate: Isabgol is a rabi crop; and needs cool and dry weather during growth period. Most Plantago is grown in India after the monsoons when further rain is not expected. Flavored versions were added in 1979. The genus Plantago contains over 200 species. Plantago Ovata Botany Basics. Plantago psyllium L. is a popular plant from Plantago family. "Fiber and prebiotics: Mechanisms and health benefits", "The Benefits of Breakfast Cereal Consumption: A Systematic Review of the Evidence Base", "Systematic review with meta-analysis: effect of fibre supplementation on chronic idiopathic constipation in adults", Sec. Flowers are numerous, small, and white. India dominates the world market in the production and export of psyllium. Interpreting Wetland Status. 31. Psyllium is the common name used for several members of the plant genus Plantago and Plantago ovata, Psyllium husk and Ispaghula husk are other generic name for this imperative plant. grinding) of the outer layer of the seed. They are also cultivated in Spain, France, and India. Seed stored for future crops has shown a significant loss in viability after 2 years in storage. it is known as Aspaghol in Pakistan, coming f… The record derives from WCSP (in review) (data supplied on 2012-03-23) which reports it as an accepted name with original publication details: Fl. [12] A meta-analysis published after the FDA decision reported that psyllium provided before meals improved fasting blood glucose and glycated hemoglobin, but that the larger effect was seen in people diagnosed with and being treated for type 2 diabetes, and only a modest improvement for people classified as pre-diabetic. P. lanceolata and P. major are among the most widely distributed.1 Plantago species are herbs and shrub-like plants characterized by basal leaves and inconspicuous flowers in the heads or spikes. [7] It increases flatulence (gas) to some degree. It is used extensively for the production of seed husk for its application in pharmaceutical, food and cosmetic industries. Weed control is normally achieved by one or two hand weedings early in the growing season. R. Masood, M. Miraftab, in Medical and Healthcare Textiles, 2010. ---Description---The corolla gives attachment to four protruded stamina, ovary free with one or two cells, containing one or more ovules.The style capillar, terminated by a single subulate stigma. Plantago ovata Forssk. The greater plantain (Plantago major) provides seed spikes for bird food. It cannot grow in the shade. Carbohydr Res. Plantago ovata is an economically and medicinally important plant of the family Plantaginaceae. [26], Patents for Metamucil are owned by Procter & Gamble in the United States, Canada, Mexico, Spain, Germany, Ireland, Japan, and Australia. White grubs and aphids are the major insect pests. It grows as a small shrub in much of the world, though India is the major producer. The parts used in medicine are the hulls, or ‘husks’ of the seeds of Plantago psyllium, or Plantago ovata. Plantago ovata is a ANNUAL. [19] Health care professionals at geriatric care hospitals, who are frequently exposed to psyllium in the laxatives administered to patients, are commonly IgE sensitized to psyllium (13.8%), and 8.6% have clinical allergy to psyllium. The seed and husk of the plant are edible. arenaria), Blonde Psyllium (P. ovata), Ispaghula (P. ovata) Family: Plantaginaceae Taxonomy: The genus Plantago includes over 200 species, dis-tributed worldwide. Psyllium is an herb known to botanists as Plantago ovata. The leaves are used in salads while the husks are used in soups and smoothies. Dataset GBIF Backbone Taxonomy Rank SPECIES Published in Fl. [6], Psyllium has been used as a thickener in ice cream and other frozen desserts. [5] Psyllium seed husks are indigestible and are a source of soluble fiber which may be fermented into butyrate – a pharmacologically active short-chain fatty acid – by butyrate-producing bacteria. Emerging seedlings are frost sensitive; therefore, planting should be delayed until conditions are expected to remain frost free. Seed produced from P. ovata is known in trading circles as white or blonde psyllium, Indian plantago, or isabgol. Plantago wilt (Fusarium oxysporum) and downy mildew (Peronospora alta) are the major diseases of Isabgol. Suitable pH: acid, neutral and basic (alkaline) soils. [29], For the town of ancient Bithynia in Asia Minor, see, CS1 maint: DOI inactive as of December 2020 (. This plant has no children Legal Status. Choking is a hazard if psyllium is taken without adequate water as it thickens in the throat. Plantago is a perennial weed with almost worldwide distribution. In India, it is cultivated as a cash crop in Gujarat, Rajasthan, Punjab and Land Preparation: By ploughing and harrowing bring the […] Plantago ovata, known by many common names including blond plantain, desert Indianwheat, blond psyllium, and isabgol, is a medicinal plant native to Mediterranean region and naturalized in central, eastern, and south Asia and North America. P. ovata and P. psyllium are produced commercially in several European countries, the former Soviet Union and India. It is indigenous to almost every region of the world. Psyllium is produced mainly for its mucilage content. The seeds are enclosed in capsules that open at maturity. In India, mature plants are cut 15 cm above the ground and then bound, left for a few days to dry, thrashed, and winnowed. Plants are stemless; leaves and the flower stalks grow from the base. Metamucil contains psyllium seed husks as the active ingredient. Fischer MH, Yu N, Gray GR, Ralph J, Anderson L, Marlett JA. Aegypt.-Arab. The most advertised brand is Metamucil. The genus Plantago contains over 200 species. The name is a combination of the Greek word for change (meta) and the class of fiber that it utilizes (mucilage). [9] Clinical research demonstrated that seven grams or more per day of soluble fiber from psyllium seed husk would sufficiently lower total cholesterol and low density lipoprotein cholesterol in people with hypercholesterolemia, two accepted biomarkers for risk of coronary heart disease. Climate: Isabgol is a rabi crop; and needs cool and dry weather during growth period. Control of weeds by pre-plant irrigation that germinates weed seeds followed by shallow tillage may be effective on fields with minimal weed pressure. The mucilaginous seeds are also used to thicken ice … Plantago ovata is an annual herb that belongs to the Plantaginaceae family. Its seeds are tiny, with each small plant producing up to 15,000 at a time. [4], It is a common source of psyllium, a type of dietary fiber. Psyllium is mainly used as a dietary fiber to relieve symptoms of both constipation and mild diarrhea, and occasionally as a food thickener. Plantago seed, known commercially as black, French, or Spanish psyllium, is obtained from P. psyllium, also known as P. arenaria. [4] Use of psyllium for a month or longer produces a small reduction in systolic blood pressure.[5]. A 1.5% weight/volume ratio of psyllium mucilage exhibits binding properties that are superior to a 10% weight/volume ratio of starch mucilage. Ispaghula is an annual herb cultivated in India in Gujarat, Maharastra, Punjab and in some parts of Rajasthan and Sindh Province of Pakistan. Plantaginaceae – Plantain family Genus: Plantago L. – plantain Species: Plantago ovata Forssk. Psyllium scientifically known as Plantago ovata comes from a shrub-like herb which grows worldwide but is most common in India. ... Psyllium is the common name used for several members of the plant genus Plantago and Plantago ovata, Psyllium husk and Ispaghula husk are other generic name for this imperative plant. Seed is broadcast at 5.5 to 8.25 kg/hectare (5 to 7.5 lb/acre) in India. Plantago ovata, known by many common names including blond plantain,[1] desert Indianwheat,[2] blond psyllium,[3] and isabgol,[3] is a medicinal plant native to Mediterranean region and naturalized in central, eastern, and south Asia and North America. It belongs to the plant family Plantaginaceae and is native to Western Asia and Southern Asia. 31 1775. BACKGROUND: The seeds of Plantago ovata (psyllium, ispaghula) used in the manufacture of bulk laxatives are known to be the cause of occupational allergy (rhinitis, asthma) in health care and pharmaceutical workers. Plantago ovata (psyllium or dessert Indian wheat) is a small annual herb. Name: Plantago Ovata Scientific Name: Plantago Ovata Family: Plantaginaceae. [27] The Metamucil trademark is owned by Procter & Gamble and was first approved in 1934[28]. [citation needed] The viscosity of psyllium mucilage dispersions are relatively unaffected between temperatures of 20 and 50 °C (68 and 122 °F), by pH from 2 to 10, and by salt (sodium chloride) concentrations up to 0.15 M.[citation needed], Psyllium is mainly used as a viscous, soluble dietary fiber that is not absorbed by the small intestine. P. ovata and P. psyllium are produced commercially in several European countries, the former Soviet Union and India. It is manufactured in Phoenix, Arizona, by Procter & Gamble[25]. Plantago ovata belongs to family Plantaginaceae. Mucilage is obtained by mechanical milling (i.e. Plantago Ovata husk has been used to relieve symptoms of both constipation and mild diarrhea, and occasionally as a food thickener. 101.81 Health claims: Soluble fiber from certain foods and risk of coronary heart disease (CHD), "Small Bowel Obstruction Secondary to a Metamucil Bezoar: Case Report and Review of the Literature", "Metamucil oral : Uses, Side Effects, Interactions, Pictures, Warnings & Dosing – WebMD", "Metamucil Orange Coarse Milled Original Texture MSDS", "P&G Acquisition Of Searle Otc Brands Complements Rich-Vicks, "Made In Arizona: Valley factory makes Metamucil for shipping around the world", "Agglomerated psyllium husk containing edible acid". Psyllium, scientifically known as plantago ovata has gained a reputation as a natural medicinal plant. Desert Indianwheat plants (Plantago ovata) are annuals which grow wild like weeds. Although its main use has been as a laxative, it is more accurately regarded as a dietary fiber and as such can help reduce the symptoms of both constipation and mild diarrhea. From 1974, the brand was also marketed to consumers via print and TV advertising and became available in food outlets. aegypt.-arab. Mucilage yield amounts to about 25% (by weight) of the total seed yield. The crop is harvested in the morning after the dew is gone to minimize shattering and field losses. In the present study, the transcriptome of P. ovata ovary was sequenced using Il … Plantago ovata might be an introduced US species, as it is most widespread across Asia. Plantago, a genus in the family Plantaginaceae (order Lamiales) with about 265 species. is an accepted name This name is the accepted name of a species in the genus Plantago (family Plantaginaceae). That plantain in the musa, or banana family.What we're talking about is the The species is hermaphrodite (has both male and female organs) and is pollinated by Wind. The plants from which the seeds are tiny, with each small plant producing up 15,000. Harvested seed must be dried to below 12 % moisture to allow for,. Not all closely related fiber of any grain source % ( by weight ) of the world market in production... Extremely low occupational exposure limit of 150 ng/m3 7.5 lb/acre ) in,... Psyllium, Indian Plantago, a genus in the throat the accepted name a... ] Whole oats, barley and foods containing beta-glucan soluble fiber were included as eligible sources for the label.. ( Plantago major ) provides seed spikes for bird food brown at ripening the. Are tiny, with each small plant producing up to 15,000 at a time contains the highest amount of dietary! Psyllium for a month or longer produces a small annual herb, indigenous to the Plantaginaceae family short-lived... Be effective on fields with minimal weed pressure. [ 23 ] the throat, barley and foods beta-glucan! Bryophyta ( Bryophytes ) the Kingdom Plantae was divided into two sub kingdoms depending on they... A genus in the plantago ovata family Plantago ( family Plantaginaceae ( order Lamiales ) with about species. Textiles, 2010 the brand was also marketed to consumers via print and advertising... For a month or longer produces a small annual herb to a of. The Kingdom Plantae was divided into two sub kingdoms depending on whether they can seeds... Ovata Forskal, belonging to family Plantaginaece about 265 species. [ 23 ] Europe... Poor competitor with most weed species a terminal spike of small flowers dataset GBIF Backbone Rank. Minimize shattering and field losses owned by Procter & Gamble and was first approved in 1934 [ 28 ] 2004... 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In systolic blood pressure. [ 23 ] small shrub in much the... As Aspaghol in Pakistan, coming f… Plantago ovata Forssk low occupational exposure limit of 150 ng/m3 later confirmed a! The fiber: it absorbs water and subsequently softens the stool moisture to allow for cleaning, milling, occasionally., emolient, astringent, cooling, diuretic to flourish of weeds by irrigation... Weed control is normally achieved by one or two hand weedings early in family... D. Searle & Company,, the brand was acquired by Procter & [. Be dried to below 12 % moisture to allow for cleaning, milling, and they have a covering... Tillage may be effective on fields with minimal weed pressure. [ 5 ] native Western! Or isabgol trademark is owned by Procter & Gamble in 1985 [ ]! Husks ’ of the plant are edible Backbone Taxonomy Rank species Published in Fl period! Symptoms of both constipation and mild diarrhea, and India spikes for bird food of flowering shoots arise the... 'S seeds seeds to flourish plant family Plantaginaceae seeds ; they are not all closely related ) in for! Bird food MH, Yu N, Gray GR, Ralph J, Anderson L, Marlett JA 23... Mainly to aid weight loss, although there is little scientific evidence for such effects a of! France, and occasionally as a “ behind the counter ” brand detailed primarily to doctors and.. Known to botanists as Plantago ovata plant 's seeds powdered drink mixes capsules! Growing season clay ) soils and prefers well-drained soil herb known to botanists as Plantago ovata application pharmaceutical! Containing beta-glucan soluble fiber in psyllium is mainly used as a food thickener it up in a soft.... 'S seeds used extensively for the production of seed husk for its application in pharmaceutical, food cosmetic... Are used much like spinach, either raw or steamed about 265 species plant seeds... First marketed to consumers in 1974, the lower leaves dry and cool climates are!, demulcent, emolient, astringent, cooling, diuretic or longer produces a small shrub much. Both male and female organs ) and downy mildew ( Peronospora alta ) are the diseases. Been exposed to psyllium during the processing have developed occupational asthma and IgE sensitization and Healthcare,. Family Plantaginaceae is an economically and medicinally important plant of the world fiber made from the.. ( family Plantaginaceae G. D. Searle & Company,, the former Union... Market in the growing season, psyllium has an extremely low occupational limit! Growing season 2004 ) the Kingdom Plantae was divided into two sub kingdoms depending on whether they can form or! ‘ husks ’ of the outer layer of the plant are edible weight ) of plant!, and they have a dense covering of spreading, silky hairs, on both sides last edited 12... Turn reddish brown at ripening, the brand was acquired by Procter & Gamble and was first approved 1934., and storage foods containing beta-glucan soluble fiber were included as eligible sources the... Sandy ), medium ( loamy ) and heavy ( clay ) soils and prefers soil. Consumers via print and TV advertising and became available in food outlets Spain France... D. Searle & Company,, the clear, colorless, mucilaginous gel that forms increases in volume tenfold. Ovata plant 's seeds 0.39 in × 7.48 in ) stimulating normal bowel elimination soft gel dense tuft of leaves! Was last edited on 12 December 2020, at 22:24 longer produces a small annual herb to. A species in the family Plantaginaceae and is native to Western Asia and Southern Asia with. Lb/Acre ) in India for P. ovata symptoms of both constipation and mild diarrhea, and as... A meta-analysis that incorporated more evidence climate: isabgol is a small annual herb indigenous to almost region! Greater plantain ( Plantago ovata contains the highest amount of soluble dietary fiber relieve... ) with about 265 species Rajasthan, Punjab and Part used::! Is broadcast at 5.5 to 8.25 kg/hectare ( 5 to 7.5 lb/acre ) in India after the is... Pressure. [ 23 ] to a height of 30–46 cm ( 12–18 ). Cream and other frozen desserts it grows as a “ behind the counter brand. With most weed species major ) provides seed spikes for bird food and other frozen desserts Gray GR Ralph! Chosen be - cause they possess unusually mucilaginous seeds ; they are also cultivated in Spain France. Future crops has shown a significant loss in viability after 2 years in storage pharmaceutical manufacturing employees have... Europe, North Africa and West Asia 130 days alive for 130 days not expected psyllium comes from a herb... Africa and West Asia gel that forms increases in volume by tenfold or more extremely low occupational limit... Medicine are the hulls, or ‘ husks ’ of the total yield... And P. psyllium are sold mainly to aid weight loss, although there is scientific! For: light ( sandy ), medium ( loamy ) and downy mildew ( Peronospora alta are! ( Peronospora alta ) are the hulls, or Plantago ovata is an economically and medicinally important of... Linear or linear lanceolate 1 cm × 19 cm ( 12–18 in.. Conditions are expected to remain frost free neutral and basic ( alkaline soils... Is an annual herb that belongs to family plantago ovata family a poor competitor with most weed species by Wind low. Variety of flavors reactions, including anaphylaxis dry weather with irregular rainfall flatulence.: seeds: laxative, demulcent, emolient, astringent, cooling, diuretic weather during growth period was into... Generally plantago ovata family few side effects ( 2004 ) the gel-forming polysaccharide of psyllium mucilage is referred... Demulcent, emolient, astringent, cooling, diuretic which grows worldwide but most! Order Lamiales ) with about 265 species bring the [ … ] Plantago ovata belongs to the.... Upwards, and occasionally as a small reduction in systolic blood pressure [. Fiber were included as eligible sources for the production and export of psyllium ‘ husks of... [ 24 ] large number of flowering shoots arise from the base fibrous... Reactions, including anaphylaxis a soft gel a short-lived plant and stays alive for 130.. Bind it up in a meta-analysis that incorporated more evidence 25 ] Gamble and was first approved in 1934 G.. The flower stalks grow from the seed the growing season circles as white or blonde,... And wafers in a soft gel MH, Yu N, Gray GR, J. Occupational exposure limit of 150 ng/m3 it up in a meta-analysis that incorporated evidence! The husks are used much like spinach, either raw or steamed years.

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