2019 Eastern Immigrant. Virginia opossums can vary considerably in size, with larger specimens found to the north of the opossum’s range and smaller specimens in the tropics. It has moderately long fur with color that ranges from white to dark gray and is frequently darker on the legs and lighter on the back. Gardner, A. L. and M. E. Sunquist. A possum usually excretes in the same place where it has been feeding. California Department of Fish and Wildlife, New York State Department of Environmental Conservation, Best Practices for Nuisance Wildlife Control Operators, © 2019 Regents of the University of California, Division of Agriculture and Natural Resources. The penalty for such pesticide misuse can be substantial, and the practice usually becomes known as a result of the accidental poisoning of someone’s pet. Possum poop looks like that of your pet dog’s poop, a medium-sized dog, maybe. Males are usually larger than females. Marsupials are distinguished by their abdominal pouch used for carrying their young. Division of Agriculture and Natural Resources Pet food placed outdoors should be removed by nightfall. Author: Roger A. Baldwin, Wildlife, Fish, and Conservation Biology, UC Davis. Live-trapping presents the problem of dealing with the animal once captured. Males are usually larger than females. It IS illegal to own them in almost all states. Traps should be at least 10 x 12 x 32 inches in size and set along trails or known routes of travel. WE RESERVE EXCLUSIVE AND ABSOLUTE RIGHTS OVER ALL USE AND SALES OF OUR DRAWINGS, LITERATURE, PRODUCTS, ETC, SINCE 1986. Opossums are well adapted for climbing. Wild Mammals of North America: Biology, Management, and Conservation. Homes, Gardens, Landscapes, and Turf > Since opossums are messy feeders, you may find remnants of the previous night's foraging and feeding. They are excellent climbers and fine swimmers, and use their tails and thumbs to grip and grab things. In these areas, a carbon dioxide gas chamber is the only option. There is usually piles of poo just lying around and it won’t be difficult to tell that it’s possum poop. Solitary and nocturnal: usually slow moving; when frightened and unable to flee may fall into an involuntary shock-like state, "playing 'possum". The California Fish and Game Code classifies opossums as nongame mammals. pp 3–29. Since it is illegal to relocate an opossum without a permit, those not wanting to deal with its disposal may prefer to hire a professional wildlife control operator. All of the toes have a claw except for the opposable thumb on the rear foot. Opossums are about 2 to 3 feet long, including the tail, and weigh up to 15 pounds, although most fall within the 4 to 7 pound range. Oakland: Univ. Males will turn and get aggressive and make nasty housemates. Address: P.O. * Network and share knowledge and experiences with fellow wildlife rehabilitators and others in the wildlife health field. COPYRIGHT VIOLATIONS WILL NO LONGER BE TOLERATED. This flea infestation on opossums is particularly concerning for transmission of flea-borne typhus, which is increasing in prevalence in Orange and Los Angeles Counties. Sometimes strange-looking droppings (scat) may be found on garden paths, walkways, and patios, though typically opossums defecate in protected and leafy areas. PDF: To display a PDF document, you may need to use a The fence should be 4 feet high with the top 12 to 18 inches of the fence bent outward, away from the garden, and not attached to any support. California Department of Fish and Wildlife regulations prohibit the relocation of wildlife without written permission from the department. Opossums may give birth to as many as 20 babies in a litter, but fewer than half of them survive. Be sure firewood is stacked tightly, leaving no major gaps suitable for a den. 2014. The largest order of marsupials in the Western Hemisphere, it comprises 110 or more species in 19 genera. Continually remove any fallen fruit, which will be readily fed upon by opossums. Normally opossums live alone except when with young and then, since the young remain in the pouch, they leave with the mother. Opossums are hosts for cat and dog fleas, especially in urban environments. In California, they are primarily gray with a white face, naked ears and tail but colors do vary throughout their range.
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