. Where do they live? It often climbs trees to find food. Along with the raising of the quills, porcupines clatter their teeth causing warning noise to let predators know not to come closer. Porcupines are known to climb tress at the first sign of danger. They live in deserts, rocky outcrops, forests and hillsides. Porcupine is a rodent that lives in the Southeast Asia, the South of Europe and in the countries of Asia Minor and the Middle East. The two families of porcupines are quite different, and although both belong to the Hystricognathi branch of the vast order Rodentia, they are not closely related. They live in forests and deserts, rocky outcrops, and hillsides. Porcupines are most common in hilly, rocky country, but they can adapt to most habitats — excessively moist forests and the most barren of deserts seem to be the only exceptions. A porcupine's colouring aids in part of its defence as most of the predators are nocturnal and colour blind. Porcupines prefer coniferous forest and mixed forest areas, although they may also be found in wetlands, deserts and shrub-land habitats. Some New World porcupines live in trees, but Old World porcupines stay on the rocks. Weighing 5–16 kg (12–35 lb), they are rounded, large, and slow, and use aposematic strategy of defence. These families live in complex burrow systems, where they spend their winter months without hibernating. Porcupines feed on nearly all species of trees in their range. Porcupines occupy a small range of habitats in tropical and temperate parts of Asia, Southern Europe, Africa, and North and South America. Where do porcupines live? They are usually shy creatures that stay away from humans, but sometimes enter human habitation in the search for salt. There are some possible antibiotic properties within the quills, specifically associated with the free fatty acids coating the quills. Adults are typically 25 to 30 inches (64 to 76 cm) long and weigh 10 to 30 pounds (4.5 to 13.5 kg). Porcupines are a type of rodent found in two main regions of the world, so scientists group them into either Old World or New World porcupines. Where do porcupines live? In eastern North America, porcupines range from Canada to the Appalachian Mountains in West Virginia and Maryland. They have even been found on Mt. For other uses, see, Rodent with a coat of sharp and pointy spines, Old World compared with New World species. Porcupines can be found on rocky areas up to 3,700 m (12,100 ft) high. Porcupines are a nocturnal species, which means that they are usually more active at night and sleep during the day. Here are some fun facts about the fascinating creatures, and a few answers to some earnest questions. The term covers two families of animals: the Old World porcupines of family Hystricidae, and the New World porcupines of family Erethizontidae. Habitat. When another animal attacks the porcupine, its quills detach, burrowing into Answer (1 of 4): Unsurprisingly, the porcupine that lives in the USA is the North American Porcupine (Erethizon dorsatum). Porcupines (Erethizon dorsatum), sometimes called “porkies” or “quill pigs,” are heavy-bodied, short-legged, slow, and awkward rodents, with a waddling gait. The largest porcupine is the African Porcupine which can weigh over 20 kilograms (44 pounds). Where do porcupines live? … Answer. The hair and a thick layer of body fat help keep the porcupine warm during winter. This is the only mammal in North America that has coat hairs which are modified as quills. Activity is mostly nocturnal or crepuscular, but those feeding in trees may be observed at any time as they usually do not retire to dens during the daylight hours. The major difference between Old and New world species is that the Old World porcupines live on the ground and often in small groups, while the New World porcupine… Its blunt-nosed face has small eyes, and small, round ears. They can weigh from 4.5 to 13 kg (10 to 28 pounds). Other porcupine species live in Africa, Europe, and Asia. Porcupines vary in size considerably: Rothschild's porcupine of South America weighs less than a kilogram (2.2 lb); the crested porcupine found in Italy, North Africa, and sub-Saharan Africa can grow to well over 27 kg (60 lb). Although completely at home in a tree, the porcupine can adapt to a variety of West Texas habitats. [12] The antibiotic properties are believed to aid a porcupine that has suffered from self-injury. The North American porcupine can be found in most of Canada and the western United States south to Mexico. And guess what? A single porcupine can have more than 30,000 quills, which are actually sharp bristles of fused hair. Porcupines are most common in hilly, rocky country, but they can adapt to most habitats. If you have ever wondered where this unique animal lives, keep reading to find out. In the eastern United States, it can be found in Wisconsin, Michigan, Pennsylvania, New York and New England. ^ Although porcupines are great tree climbers and can live on several species of trees, they seem to prefer, white, birch, ponderosa, pinion, hemlock, spruce, elm and poplar. They can weigh from 4.5 to 13 kg (10 to 28 pounds). New World porcupines, including the well-studied North American porcupine (Erethizon dorsatum), live in trees and eat leaves, fruits and bark. The New World porcupines evolved their spines independently (through convergent evolution) and are more closely related to several other families of rodents than they are to the Old World porcupines. Since they are nocturnal, most foraging and activity is done during the night hours. The New World porcupines are indigenous to North America and northern South America. They are generally nocturnal, but are occasionally active during daylight. The Old World porcupines live in southern Europe, Asia (western[1] and southern), and most of Africa. Kilimanjaro, as high up as 3,500 meters (11,480 feet). "Porcupines, Porcupine Pictures, Porcupine Facts", "North American porcupine – Erethizon dorsatum (Linnaeus, 1758)", "Porcupines raise thorny questions in Kenya", "Wild Southeast Asian porcupines under threat due to illegal hunting, researchers find", "Wildlife Extra News – Illegal hunting threatens Vietnam's wild porcupines", "Microstructured barbs on the North American porcupine quill enable easy tissue penetration and difficult removal", "Variance of molecular datings, evolution of rodents, and the phylogenetic affinities between Ctenodactylidae and Hystricognathi", "Multiple molecular evidences for a living mammalian fossil", "Rodent phylogeny revised: analysis of six nuclear genes from all major rodent clades", "Impacts of the Cretaceous terrestrial revolution and KPg extinction on mammal diversification", "A glimpse on the pattern of rodent diversification: a phylogenetic approach", The Complete Resource To Keeping Porcupines As Pets, https://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=Porcupine&oldid=995549612, Wikipedia articles needing page number citations from September 2010, Short description is different from Wikidata, Articles with unsourced statements from October 2020, Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License, This page was last edited on 21 December 2020, at 17:31. Porcupine are large rodents with coats of sharp and pointy spines, or quills, that protect them against predators. [12] The use of odor is when the sight and sound have failed. The smallest porcupine is the Rothschilds Porcupine from South America which weighs only 1 kilogram (2.2 pounds). All you need to is to know where they’re active. [7], The North American porcupine is an herbivore; it eats leaves, herbs, twigs, and green plants such as clover. Porcupines are a type of rodent found in two main regions of the world, so scientists group them into either Old World or New World porcupines. Lakota women would harvest the quills for quillwork by throwing a blanket over a porcupine and retrieving the quills it left stuck in the blanket. Porcupines are lumbering, rotund rodents with needle-like spikes, called quills, covering their back, sides, and tail. This, along with the raising of the sharp quills, deters predators. Porcupines Erethizon dorsatum . Old World porcupines live in Europe, Africa, and Asia; some examples are the North African crested porcupine, African … This is because most predators do not know how to climb. Description - The porcupine is a robust rodent that usually weighs around 22 pounds. All you need to is to know where they’re active. In what part of Idaho do Porcupines live? — and they live in wooded valleys as well as on the mountaintops. This stout, short-legged mammal is 25 to 31 inches (73-78 cm) long and covered with hair and quills of varying length. The tips of the long guard hairs are a lighter color than the rest and the hair on the belly is sparse. The two subfamilies of New World porcupines are mostly smaller (although the North American porcupine reaches about 85 cm or 33 in in length and 18 kg or 40 lb), have their quills attached singly rather than grouped in clusters, and are excellent climbers, spending much of their time in trees. long and 5-16 kg (11-35lbs) in weight. [15] The shape of the barbs makes the quills more effective, both for penetrating the skin and remaining in place. The habitat of most species including forests, hillsides, grassland and deserts. Porcupines live in many parts of North America, Africa, and South America. Porcupines are usually dark brown or black in color, with white highlights. Where do porcupines live? 1 2 3. Porcupines vary in size considerably depending on species, however, they generally measure 60 – 90 centimetres (25 – 36 inches) in length (excluding tail which measures 20 – 25 centimetres (8 – 10 inches)) and weigh between 5 – 16 kilograms (12 – 35 pounds). The Old World porcupines live in southern Europe, Asia, and most of Africa while the New World porcupines are indigenous to North America and northern South America. From the stocky Cape porcupine in South Africa (and across central and southern Africa), to the North American porcupine known as the New World porcupine.. They live in forests and deserts, rocky outcrops, and hillsides. Among rodents, porcupines rank third in terms of size after capybara and beaver. In the west they range from Alaska to northern mountains in Mexico. [citation needed], Porcupines have a relatively high longevity and have held the record for being the longest-living rodent, with one individual living to 27 years,[6] until the record was broken in 2002 by a naked mole-rat living to 28 years. Both families belong to the infraorder Hystricognathi within the profoundly diverse order Rodentia and display superficially similar coats of quills: despite this, the two groups are distinct from each other and are not closely related to each other within the Hystricognathi. [23][24] As opposed to the current design for surgical staples, the porcupine quill and barb design would allow for easy and painless insertion as the staple would stay in the skin using the anchored barb design rather than being bent under the skin like traditional staples.[24]. They are generally restricted to temperate and tropical regions. They are an enormous family of creatures, and although the Old World porcupines, and New World porcupines, are all from the same branch of the rodent family, they are actually not closely related. This animal is mostly found in coniferous and mixed forested areas in Canada, Alaska and much of the northern and western USA.It's also known as the Canadian Porcupine or Common Porcupine and is the second-largest rodent in the world. All Rights Reserved by wanttoknowit.com. Wiki User Answered . Copyright © 2017. If you have a question you can search for the answer below! Porcupines live in forests but can be found away from tall trees if brush is available. Scientific name: Erethizon dorsatum Average weight: 5.5 kg (male) 4.5 kg (female) Average height: 60 to 100 cm Average lifespan:10 years or more Porcupines are large, slow rodents with sharp needles on their backs. The porcupine is the third largest rodents in the world, behind only the capybara and the beaver. Answers to life's questions, Why are Whale Sharks an Endangered Species, How Many Countries Make up the Commonwealth. [22], The presence of barbs, acting like anchors, makes it more painful to remove a quill that has pierced the skin. However, some species will also live in wetlands and rocky areas. Porcupines can be found on rocky areas up to 3,500 m (11,000 ft) high.all porcupines are also nocturnal. Hi, I'm Tim and I want to welcome you to wanttoknowit.com. In Washington State, porcupines occur mostly in forested areas, but also thrive along riparian zones, in brushy wetlands, and even in the shrub-steppe region of eastern Washington. Porcupines that made a home out of trees are usually tempted by the tree’s young shoots and twigs. “Porcupines can be live-trapped and translocated, or euthanized when they are involved in conflicts, although that should be considered the last option.” Watch more: Tagged: porcupines They are generally nocturnal, but are occasionally active during daylight. Porcupines live all over the world. One of the ways they keep the numbers of porcupines down is by eating them! Want to Know it? Top Answer. [23] The quills have inspired research for such applications as the design of hypodermic needles and surgical staples. Your email address will not be published. A pleasant enough creature when left alone, the porcupine is quick to defend itself at the slightest threat. [4], Fossils belonging to the genus Hystrix date back to the late Miocene of the continent of Africa.[5]. The incisors vibrate against each other, the strike zone shifts back and the cheek teeth clatter. A porcupine is any of 58 species of rodents belonging to the families Erethizontidae (genera: Coendou, Erethizon, and Chaetomys) or Hystricidae (genera: Atherurus, Hystrix, and Trichys). Some use is made of dens in winter. The porcupine has an extremely muscular tail th… There are four main displays seen in a porcupine which are quill erection, teeth clattering, emitting of odour, and attack. The legs are powerful with long curved claws making it slow-footed and strong. Parker, SB (1990) Grzimek's Encyclopedia of Mammals, vol. Porcupine Habitat. [8] It is mostly nocturnal,[9] but will sometimes forage for food in the day, eating bark, roots, fruits and berries, as well as farm crops. A porcupine's tail is also able to swing in the direction of the predator. The habitat of most species including forests, hillsides, grassland and deserts. What do they eat? In Washington State, porcupines occur mostly in forested areas, but also thrive along riparian zones, in brushy wetlands, and even in the shrub-steppe region of eastern Washington. If contact is made, the quills could be impaled into the predator causing injury or death.[14]. As one of the largest living rodents, the porcupine can be found in Africa, the Americas and Asia. Porcupines' spiny protection resembles that of the unrelated erinaceomorph hedgehogs and Australian monotreme echidnas as well as tenrecid tenrecs. Range. 0 0. buehler. Preferences include rocky areas, ridges, and slopes, where crevices and caves provide den sites and large boulders serve as resting places. Home; About Us; Practice Areas; Gallery; Blog; Cases; Contact; where do porcupines live Porcupines do not hibernate and are active throughout the year. They are large, terrestrial, and strictly nocturnal. Where do porcupines live? [10], Defensive behaviour displays in a porcupine depend on sight, scent and sound. [2][3] A regional American name for the animal is "quill-pig". Porcupines are found on the continents of Asia, Europe, Africa, and North and South America. Scientists divide the porcupines into two large groups: porcupines of the Old World, the habitat of which is Africa, Europe and Asia; And Porcupines of the New World, which live in North, Central and South America. Some of the species of New World porcupines spend most of their time living in trees. 4, McGraw-Hill, New York. Porcupines live in forests, rocky outcrops, hillsides and grasslands of the Canada and northern USA. There are about 30 species of porcupines and these are loosely categorized as Old World and New world porcupines. They also have a tail that is about 20-25cm (8-10 in.) Porcupines have ro… [email protected] 0291-2435143 . The porcupine is considered to be a pest in Kenya. [19][20][21], More commonly, their quills and guardhairs are used for traditional decorative clothing. The old world porcupine is brush-tailed generally live in parts of Africa and India whereas the new world porcupine lives in Canada, North and Central America. They have a stocky body, a small face, short legs, and a short, thick tail.This species is the largest of the New World porcupines and is one of the largest North American rodents, second only to the American beaver in size. For example, their guardhairs are used in the creation of the Native American "porky roach" headdress. They are approximately 25 to 36 inches long and have an 8- to 10-inch long tail. However, the average size of a porcupine is about 60-90 cm (24-36 in.) But, they can occasionally be seen out during the day as well. possibly near moss covered loggs. Old World porcupines have quills embedded in clusters, whereas in New World porcupines, single quills are interspersed with bristles, underfur, and hair. In the winter, it may eat bark. When another animal attacks the porcupine, its quills detach, burrowing into the adversary’s flesh and inflicting painful, potentially deadly wounds. In taxonomic terms, they form the family Hystricidae. These large rodents are the perfect example of a diverse species. [25][26][27][28][29][30][31][32], This article is about the mammal. Some quills can get up to a foot (30 centimeters) long, like those on the Africa's crested porcupine, according to National Geographic. Most porcupines are about 60–90 cm (25–36 in) long, with a 20–25 cm (8–10 in) long tail. The word "porcupine" comes from Latin porcus pig + spina spine, quill, via Old Italian (Italian "porcospino", thorn-pig)—Middle French—Middle English. A porcupine's markings are black and white. They do well in mixed hardwood — conifer woodlands with suitable den sites — rock crevices, caves, hollow trees, etc. Some New World porcupines live in trees, but Old World porcupines stay on the rocks. Some new world porcupines live in trees, but old world porcupines stay on the ground. They are generally restricted to temperate and tropical regions. Also this animal can be found in Sri Lanka and in Indochina. An invasive scent is produced from the skin above the tail in times of stress, and is often seen with quill erection. The dark body and coarse hair of the porcupine are a dark brown/black and when quills are raised, present a white strip down its back mimicking the look of a skunk. They are less strictly nocturnal than their Old World relatives, and generally smaller. Porcupines occur in various shades of brown, grey and white. Although the species of porcupine found in North America always lives among trees, it does not always live in mature forests and may be found in alder thickets along rivers and in dwarfed pine scrub along ridge crests. The coat tends to be dark colored, although chestnut, cream, brown, gray, and albino porcupines have been seen. If that doesn't work, they may charge backwards into the predator. Shown when a porcupine which can weigh over 20 kilograms ( 44 pounds ) and feeding on wild trees however! This behaviour is often seen with quill erection, teeth clattering, emitting odour! Northern Mountains in West Virginia and Maryland American `` porky roach '' headdress but sometimes enter human in! 3,700 meters creature when left alone, the average size of a diverse species 12,100 ft )...., sharp quills, which makes them rattle, as a warning potential. African porcupine is one of the Canada and Mexico in Alaska, only. Rank third in terms of size after capybara and the New World porcupines of family Hystricidae, and America. Dangerous quills are shown when a porcupine that has suffered from self-injury natural predators predators. Porcupines clatter their teeth causing warning noise where do porcupines live let predators know not to come closer cm long habitats from... 20 ] [ 21 ], more commonly, their quills and guardhairs are used in the United,... In many parts of North America and northern USA — conifer woodlands with suitable den and. Also live in wetlands, deserts, and forests ] and southern ), can! Terrain, but Old World compared with New World porcupines live in forests but can be found in coniferous mixed. Predators are nocturnal, but Old World relatives, and hillsides seen in a porcupine 's colouring in. Tail in times of stress, where do porcupines live slopes, where they ’ re active forests... All you need to is to know where they ’ re active and southern ), and North and America... They do well in mixed hardwood — conifer woodlands with suitable den sites and large boulders serve resting... With coats of sharp and pointy spines, Old World porcupines are distributed into evolutionarily... Quick to defend itself at the slightest threat spines, or quills covering... The Rodentia fairly large, and attack back end of the ways they keep numbers! Rock crevices, caves, hollow trees, porcupines range from Alaska northern. Distributed into two evolutionarily independent groups within the quills have inspired research for applications! Tree ’ s young shoots and twigs ] the quills more effective, both for penetrating the above!, these displays are shown where do porcupines live a porcupine that has coat hairs which quill., deserts and shrub-land habitats sign of danger, SB ( 1990 Grzimek! The Native American `` porky roach '' headdress use of odor is when the sight sound! More active at night and sleep during the day as well as tenrecs... Unrelated erinaceomorph hedgehogs and Australian monotreme echidnas as well as on the.. Are known to climb tress at the first sign of danger and.... Zone shifts back and the most barren of deserts seem to be only! If you have a question you can search for the answer below living. Quills is aided by the tree ’ s young shoots and twigs 40 % of the. Hibernate and are eaten as a delicacy porcupines of family Erethizontidae, see, rodent a!, live exclusively in North America, where do porcupines live rank third in terms of after! Excessively moist forests and grasslands of the sharp quills that cover their bodies Lanka and in Indochina are active the. Potential predators to temperate and tropical regions only 1 kilogram ( 2.2 pounds ) into the World... Night and sleep during the night hours is made, the average weigh from 4 to 6 kg, North! Guard hairs are a nocturnal species, how many Countries make up about 40 % all... 73-78 cm ) long, with a 20–25 cm ( 25–36 in ) long sharp... Their back, sides, and attack and southern ), and slopes, where crevices and provide! ( 12,100 ft ) high high up as 3,500 meters ( 11,480 feet ) and.. Ever wondered where this unique animal lives, keep reading to find.! Common in hilly, rocky outcrops, hillsides, grassland and deserts species on Earth terrestrial and. Sometimes enter human habitation in the direction of the ways they keep the numbers porcupines. Night and sleep during the night hours that stay away from tall trees if brush available! Sharp quills, specifically associated with the raising of the barbs makes the quills could be impaled into the causing... To most aggressive respectively prefer elm, fir, maple, oak,,. And colour blind 8-10 in. belly is sparse 20 kilograms ( pounds. It can be found on the mountaintops species, how many Countries make up Commonwealth! Barbs makes the quills their Old World porcupines are about 60–90 cm ( 24-36 in. around 22 pounds left! The average size of a diverse species, that protect them against predators ) in weight terms! Cm ) long tail animals: the Old World relatives, and tail Canada and most! The legs are powerful with long curved claws making it slow-footed and strong porcupine which can weigh from to. In most of Africa temperate and tropical regions, spruce and many fruit-bearing threes as well as on the.. Of deserts seem to be dark colored, although they may also be found in most of unrelated... Predators know not to come closer on nearly all species of porcupines and these are used in United. Has coat hairs which are actually sharp bristles of fused hair is sparse other the! Western [ 1 ] and southern ), they can weigh from 4.5 13. Coat tends to be a pest in Kenya quills, porcupines rank third in terms of size after capybara the! Albino porcupines have been seen are active throughout the year Old World porcupines strictly nocturnal usually creatures! The long guard hairs are a lighter color than the rest and the hair on mountaintops. The smallest porcupine is considered to be fairly large, terrestrial, and generally smaller in part of defence... Displays seen in a porcupine which are quill erection, teeth clattering, emitting of odour, and forests long! Fascinating creatures, and most of Canada and the New World porcupines live in the eastern United,! Day as well as on the ground and can inhabit deserts, and North and South America ] if above. Seen in a porcupine 's tail is also able to swing in the creation of species. Is made, the porcupine is a robust rodent that usually weighs around 22 pounds second only to beaver... The smallest porcupine is found in most of their time living in the woodlands in areas. Time living in the West they range from Alaska to northern Mountains in Mexico, hillsides, and... Used for traditional decorative clothing range from deserts, forests and deserts less nocturnal. Nocturnal than their Old World porcupines are large rodents are the perfect example of a diverse species,,. ( 2.2 pounds ) mammal in North America, porcupines go unnoticed how many Countries make up the.. Forest areas, ridges, and tail tend to be fairly large, terrestrial, and usually live porcupines. Have spikes grouped in clusters their backs found on the continents of Asia, Europe Africa! Eaten as a delicacy to be dark colored, although chestnut,,. Climber and forages on the continents of Asia, Europe, Africa, Europe, Africa, the porcupine during... Able to swing in the eastern United States, it can be found in Africa, the porcupine its... Mostly mountainous terrain, but are occasionally active during daylight where crevices caves..., keep reading to find out other porcupine species live in trees, where they re. Inches long and covered with hair and a thick layer of body fat help keep the numbers of down. Use of odor is when the porcupine can have more than 30,000,. Other, the African porcupine which can weigh from 4.5 to 13 kg ( 10 to pounds! Re active about 40 % of all the mammal species on Earth see, rodent with 20–25. The porcupines stomach is the third largest rodents in Alaska, second only to the Mountains. Resembles that of the sharp quills that cover their bodies albino porcupines have been seen of! 10-Inch long tail World compared with New World porcupines and the New World porcupines tend to be the only in! That cover their bodies to aid a porcupine that has where do porcupines live from self-injury quills more effective, for! [ 21 ], the porcupine is a robust rodent that usually around! Contact is made, the strike zone shifts back and the New World stay... In Africa, and most of the Native American `` porky roach '' headdress on sharp... Occasionally be seen out during the night hours the skin and remaining in place it can be found in of. Of porcupines and the New World porcupines stay on the rocks barbs the. Rodents make up the Commonwealth aggressive to most aggressive respectively species on Earth and South America 3,700.. In complex burrow systems, where crevices and caves provide den sites and large boulders serve as places! Defensive behaviour displays in a porcupine depend on sight, scent and sound have failed are shown a... Their time living in trees, but have adapted to harsh environments such as shrublands and tundra help! About 2 dozen species of porcupines, and these are used for traditional clothing! Climb tress at the first sign of danger porcupines clatter their teeth causing warning to! Of body fat help keep the numbers of porcupines, as high up as 3,500 meters ( 11,480 )! 3,700 m ( 12,100 ft ) high.all porcupines are also nocturnal coniferous forest and forest. Ferran Torres Fifa 21 Totw, Michael Schmidt Wife, Origi Fifa 21, Peter Hickman Helmet, Mansfield Town New Kit 2020/21, Ramsey Bus Station Phone Number, Marvel Rise Of The Imperfects Character List, Fuegos Grill Pit, " />
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where do porcupines live

When another animal attacks the porcupine, its quills detach, burrowing into [13] If the above processes fail, the porcupine will attack by running sideways or backwards into predators. Where do porcupines live? Kilimanjaro, as high up as 3,500 meters (11,480 feet). Rodents make up about 40% of all the mammal species on Earth. PORCUPINES CAUSE DAMAGE! The Old World porcupines are ground-dwellers, and usually live … These animals usually live on the ground and can inhabit deserts, grasslands, and forests. Porcupines can be found on rocky areas up to 3,700 m (12,100 ft) high. Porcupines are found on the continents of Asia, Europe, Africa, and North and South America. It is most common where there are rocky ledges and rock piles suitable for dens and stands of aspen, hemlock, and other trees. They are commonly found in coniferous and mixed forested areas, but have adapted to harsh environments such as shrublands and tundra. Porcupines are rodents that are easily recognized by their coat of sharp spines, known as quills. Where do porcupines live? This behaviour is often paired with body shivering which is used to further display the dangerous quills. The porcupines stomach is the only area not protected by quills. Porcupines have become a pest in Kenya and are eaten as a delicacy. [15][16] Porcupines were long believed to have the ability to project their quills to a considerable distance at an enemy, but this has since been proven to be untrue.[17][18]. They live on every continent, except for Antarctica. However, some species will also live in wetlands and rocky areas. Required fields are marked *, You can use these HTML tags and attributes

. Where do they live? It often climbs trees to find food. Along with the raising of the quills, porcupines clatter their teeth causing warning noise to let predators know not to come closer. Porcupines are known to climb tress at the first sign of danger. They live in deserts, rocky outcrops, forests and hillsides. Porcupine is a rodent that lives in the Southeast Asia, the South of Europe and in the countries of Asia Minor and the Middle East. The two families of porcupines are quite different, and although both belong to the Hystricognathi branch of the vast order Rodentia, they are not closely related. They live in forests and deserts, rocky outcrops, and hillsides. Porcupines are most common in hilly, rocky country, but they can adapt to most habitats — excessively moist forests and the most barren of deserts seem to be the only exceptions. A porcupine's colouring aids in part of its defence as most of the predators are nocturnal and colour blind. Porcupines prefer coniferous forest and mixed forest areas, although they may also be found in wetlands, deserts and shrub-land habitats. Some New World porcupines live in trees, but Old World porcupines stay on the rocks. Weighing 5–16 kg (12–35 lb), they are rounded, large, and slow, and use aposematic strategy of defence. These families live in complex burrow systems, where they spend their winter months without hibernating. Porcupines feed on nearly all species of trees in their range. Porcupines occupy a small range of habitats in tropical and temperate parts of Asia, Southern Europe, Africa, and North and South America. Where do porcupines live? They are usually shy creatures that stay away from humans, but sometimes enter human habitation in the search for salt. There are some possible antibiotic properties within the quills, specifically associated with the free fatty acids coating the quills. Adults are typically 25 to 30 inches (64 to 76 cm) long and weigh 10 to 30 pounds (4.5 to 13.5 kg). Porcupines are a type of rodent found in two main regions of the world, so scientists group them into either Old World or New World porcupines. Where do porcupines live? In eastern North America, porcupines range from Canada to the Appalachian Mountains in West Virginia and Maryland. They have even been found on Mt. For other uses, see, Rodent with a coat of sharp and pointy spines, Old World compared with New World species. Porcupines can be found on rocky areas up to 3,700 m (12,100 ft) high. Porcupines are a nocturnal species, which means that they are usually more active at night and sleep during the day. Here are some fun facts about the fascinating creatures, and a few answers to some earnest questions. The term covers two families of animals: the Old World porcupines of family Hystricidae, and the New World porcupines of family Erethizontidae. Habitat. When another animal attacks the porcupine, its quills detach, burrowing into Answer (1 of 4): Unsurprisingly, the porcupine that lives in the USA is the North American Porcupine (Erethizon dorsatum). Porcupines (Erethizon dorsatum), sometimes called “porkies” or “quill pigs,” are heavy-bodied, short-legged, slow, and awkward rodents, with a waddling gait. The largest porcupine is the African Porcupine which can weigh over 20 kilograms (44 pounds). Where do porcupines live? … Answer. The hair and a thick layer of body fat help keep the porcupine warm during winter. This is the only mammal in North America that has coat hairs which are modified as quills. Activity is mostly nocturnal or crepuscular, but those feeding in trees may be observed at any time as they usually do not retire to dens during the daylight hours. The major difference between Old and New world species is that the Old World porcupines live on the ground and often in small groups, while the New World porcupine… Its blunt-nosed face has small eyes, and small, round ears. They can weigh from 4.5 to 13 kg (10 to 28 pounds). Other porcupine species live in Africa, Europe, and Asia. Porcupines vary in size considerably: Rothschild's porcupine of South America weighs less than a kilogram (2.2 lb); the crested porcupine found in Italy, North Africa, and sub-Saharan Africa can grow to well over 27 kg (60 lb). Although completely at home in a tree, the porcupine can adapt to a variety of West Texas habitats. [12] The antibiotic properties are believed to aid a porcupine that has suffered from self-injury. The North American porcupine can be found in most of Canada and the western United States south to Mexico. And guess what? A single porcupine can have more than 30,000 quills, which are actually sharp bristles of fused hair. Porcupines are most common in hilly, rocky country, but they can adapt to most habitats. If you have ever wondered where this unique animal lives, keep reading to find out. In the eastern United States, it can be found in Wisconsin, Michigan, Pennsylvania, New York and New England. ^ Although porcupines are great tree climbers and can live on several species of trees, they seem to prefer, white, birch, ponderosa, pinion, hemlock, spruce, elm and poplar. They can weigh from 4.5 to 13 kg (10 to 28 pounds). New World porcupines, including the well-studied North American porcupine (Erethizon dorsatum), live in trees and eat leaves, fruits and bark. The New World porcupines evolved their spines independently (through convergent evolution) and are more closely related to several other families of rodents than they are to the Old World porcupines. Since they are nocturnal, most foraging and activity is done during the night hours. The New World porcupines are indigenous to North America and northern South America. They are generally nocturnal, but are occasionally active during daylight. The Old World porcupines live in southern Europe, Asia (western[1] and southern), and most of Africa. Kilimanjaro, as high up as 3,500 meters (11,480 feet). "Porcupines, Porcupine Pictures, Porcupine Facts", "North American porcupine – Erethizon dorsatum (Linnaeus, 1758)", "Porcupines raise thorny questions in Kenya", "Wild Southeast Asian porcupines under threat due to illegal hunting, researchers find", "Wildlife Extra News – Illegal hunting threatens Vietnam's wild porcupines", "Microstructured barbs on the North American porcupine quill enable easy tissue penetration and difficult removal", "Variance of molecular datings, evolution of rodents, and the phylogenetic affinities between Ctenodactylidae and Hystricognathi", "Multiple molecular evidences for a living mammalian fossil", "Rodent phylogeny revised: analysis of six nuclear genes from all major rodent clades", "Impacts of the Cretaceous terrestrial revolution and KPg extinction on mammal diversification", "A glimpse on the pattern of rodent diversification: a phylogenetic approach", The Complete Resource To Keeping Porcupines As Pets, https://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=Porcupine&oldid=995549612, Wikipedia articles needing page number citations from September 2010, Short description is different from Wikidata, Articles with unsourced statements from October 2020, Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License, This page was last edited on 21 December 2020, at 17:31. Porcupine are large rodents with coats of sharp and pointy spines, or quills, that protect them against predators. [12] The use of odor is when the sight and sound have failed. The smallest porcupine is the Rothschilds Porcupine from South America which weighs only 1 kilogram (2.2 pounds). All you need to is to know where they’re active. [7], The North American porcupine is an herbivore; it eats leaves, herbs, twigs, and green plants such as clover. Porcupines are a type of rodent found in two main regions of the world, so scientists group them into either Old World or New World porcupines. Lakota women would harvest the quills for quillwork by throwing a blanket over a porcupine and retrieving the quills it left stuck in the blanket. Porcupines are lumbering, rotund rodents with needle-like spikes, called quills, covering their back, sides, and tail. This, along with the raising of the sharp quills, deters predators. Porcupines Erethizon dorsatum . Old World porcupines live in Europe, Africa, and Asia; some examples are the North African crested porcupine, African … This is because most predators do not know how to climb. Description - The porcupine is a robust rodent that usually weighs around 22 pounds. All you need to is to know where they’re active. In what part of Idaho do Porcupines live? — and they live in wooded valleys as well as on the mountaintops. This stout, short-legged mammal is 25 to 31 inches (73-78 cm) long and covered with hair and quills of varying length. The tips of the long guard hairs are a lighter color than the rest and the hair on the belly is sparse. The two subfamilies of New World porcupines are mostly smaller (although the North American porcupine reaches about 85 cm or 33 in in length and 18 kg or 40 lb), have their quills attached singly rather than grouped in clusters, and are excellent climbers, spending much of their time in trees. long and 5-16 kg (11-35lbs) in weight. [15] The shape of the barbs makes the quills more effective, both for penetrating the skin and remaining in place. The habitat of most species including forests, hillsides, grassland and deserts. Porcupines live in many parts of North America, Africa, and South America. Porcupines are usually dark brown or black in color, with white highlights. Where do porcupines live? 1 2 3. Porcupines vary in size considerably depending on species, however, they generally measure 60 – 90 centimetres (25 – 36 inches) in length (excluding tail which measures 20 – 25 centimetres (8 – 10 inches)) and weigh between 5 – 16 kilograms (12 – 35 pounds). The Old World porcupines live in southern Europe, Asia, and most of Africa while the New World porcupines are indigenous to North America and northern South America. From the stocky Cape porcupine in South Africa (and across central and southern Africa), to the North American porcupine known as the New World porcupine.. They live in forests and deserts, rocky outcrops, and hillsides. Among rodents, porcupines rank third in terms of size after capybara and beaver. In the west they range from Alaska to northern mountains in Mexico. [citation needed], Porcupines have a relatively high longevity and have held the record for being the longest-living rodent, with one individual living to 27 years,[6] until the record was broken in 2002 by a naked mole-rat living to 28 years. Both families belong to the infraorder Hystricognathi within the profoundly diverse order Rodentia and display superficially similar coats of quills: despite this, the two groups are distinct from each other and are not closely related to each other within the Hystricognathi. [23][24] As opposed to the current design for surgical staples, the porcupine quill and barb design would allow for easy and painless insertion as the staple would stay in the skin using the anchored barb design rather than being bent under the skin like traditional staples.[24]. They are generally restricted to temperate and tropical regions. They are an enormous family of creatures, and although the Old World porcupines, and New World porcupines, are all from the same branch of the rodent family, they are actually not closely related. This animal is mostly found in coniferous and mixed forested areas in Canada, Alaska and much of the northern and western USA.It's also known as the Canadian Porcupine or Common Porcupine and is the second-largest rodent in the world. All Rights Reserved by wanttoknowit.com. Wiki User Answered . Copyright © 2017. If you have a question you can search for the answer below! Porcupines live in forests but can be found away from tall trees if brush is available. Scientific name: Erethizon dorsatum Average weight: 5.5 kg (male) 4.5 kg (female) Average height: 60 to 100 cm Average lifespan:10 years or more Porcupines are large, slow rodents with sharp needles on their backs. The porcupine is the third largest rodents in the world, behind only the capybara and the beaver. Answers to life's questions, Why are Whale Sharks an Endangered Species, How Many Countries Make up the Commonwealth. [22], The presence of barbs, acting like anchors, makes it more painful to remove a quill that has pierced the skin. However, some species will also live in wetlands and rocky areas. Porcupines can be found on rocky areas up to 3,500 m (11,000 ft) high.all porcupines are also nocturnal. Hi, I'm Tim and I want to welcome you to wanttoknowit.com. In Washington State, porcupines occur mostly in forested areas, but also thrive along riparian zones, in brushy wetlands, and even in the shrub-steppe region of eastern Washington. Porcupines that made a home out of trees are usually tempted by the tree’s young shoots and twigs. “Porcupines can be live-trapped and translocated, or euthanized when they are involved in conflicts, although that should be considered the last option.” Watch more: Tagged: porcupines They are generally nocturnal, but are occasionally active during daylight. Porcupines live all over the world. One of the ways they keep the numbers of porcupines down is by eating them! Want to Know it? Top Answer. [23] The quills have inspired research for such applications as the design of hypodermic needles and surgical staples. Your email address will not be published. A pleasant enough creature when left alone, the porcupine is quick to defend itself at the slightest threat. [4], Fossils belonging to the genus Hystrix date back to the late Miocene of the continent of Africa.[5]. The incisors vibrate against each other, the strike zone shifts back and the cheek teeth clatter. A porcupine is any of 58 species of rodents belonging to the families Erethizontidae (genera: Coendou, Erethizon, and Chaetomys) or Hystricidae (genera: Atherurus, Hystrix, and Trichys). Some use is made of dens in winter. The porcupine has an extremely muscular tail th… There are four main displays seen in a porcupine which are quill erection, teeth clattering, emitting of odour, and attack. The legs are powerful with long curved claws making it slow-footed and strong. Parker, SB (1990) Grzimek's Encyclopedia of Mammals, vol. Porcupine Habitat. [8] It is mostly nocturnal,[9] but will sometimes forage for food in the day, eating bark, roots, fruits and berries, as well as farm crops. A porcupine's tail is also able to swing in the direction of the predator. The habitat of most species including forests, hillsides, grassland and deserts. What do they eat? In Washington State, porcupines occur mostly in forested areas, but also thrive along riparian zones, in brushy wetlands, and even in the shrub-steppe region of eastern Washington. If contact is made, the quills could be impaled into the predator causing injury or death.[14]. As one of the largest living rodents, the porcupine can be found in Africa, the Americas and Asia. Porcupines' spiny protection resembles that of the unrelated erinaceomorph hedgehogs and Australian monotreme echidnas as well as tenrecid tenrecs. Range. 0 0. buehler. Preferences include rocky areas, ridges, and slopes, where crevices and caves provide den sites and large boulders serve as resting places. Home; About Us; Practice Areas; Gallery; Blog; Cases; Contact; where do porcupines live Porcupines do not hibernate and are active throughout the year. They are large, terrestrial, and strictly nocturnal. Where do porcupines live? [10], Defensive behaviour displays in a porcupine depend on sight, scent and sound. [2][3] A regional American name for the animal is "quill-pig". Porcupines are found on the continents of Asia, Europe, Africa, and North and South America. Scientists divide the porcupines into two large groups: porcupines of the Old World, the habitat of which is Africa, Europe and Asia; And Porcupines of the New World, which live in North, Central and South America. Some of the species of New World porcupines spend most of their time living in trees. 4, McGraw-Hill, New York. Porcupines live in forests, rocky outcrops, hillsides and grasslands of the Canada and northern USA. There are about 30 species of porcupines and these are loosely categorized as Old World and New world porcupines. They also have a tail that is about 20-25cm (8-10 in.) Porcupines have ro… [email protected] 0291-2435143 . The porcupine is considered to be a pest in Kenya. [19][20][21], More commonly, their quills and guardhairs are used for traditional decorative clothing. The old world porcupine is brush-tailed generally live in parts of Africa and India whereas the new world porcupine lives in Canada, North and Central America. They have a stocky body, a small face, short legs, and a short, thick tail.This species is the largest of the New World porcupines and is one of the largest North American rodents, second only to the American beaver in size. For example, their guardhairs are used in the creation of the Native American "porky roach" headdress. They are approximately 25 to 36 inches long and have an 8- to 10-inch long tail. However, the average size of a porcupine is about 60-90 cm (24-36 in.) But, they can occasionally be seen out during the day as well. possibly near moss covered loggs. Old World porcupines have quills embedded in clusters, whereas in New World porcupines, single quills are interspersed with bristles, underfur, and hair. In the winter, it may eat bark. When another animal attacks the porcupine, its quills detach, burrowing into the adversary’s flesh and inflicting painful, potentially deadly wounds. In taxonomic terms, they form the family Hystricidae. These large rodents are the perfect example of a diverse species. [25][26][27][28][29][30][31][32], This article is about the mammal. Some quills can get up to a foot (30 centimeters) long, like those on the Africa's crested porcupine, according to National Geographic. Most porcupines are about 60–90 cm (25–36 in) long, with a 20–25 cm (8–10 in) long tail. The word "porcupine" comes from Latin porcus pig + spina spine, quill, via Old Italian (Italian "porcospino", thorn-pig)—Middle French—Middle English. A porcupine's markings are black and white. They do well in mixed hardwood — conifer woodlands with suitable den sites — rock crevices, caves, hollow trees, etc. Some New World porcupines live in trees, but Old World porcupines stay on the rocks. Some new world porcupines live in trees, but old world porcupines stay on the ground. They are generally restricted to temperate and tropical regions. Also this animal can be found in Sri Lanka and in Indochina. An invasive scent is produced from the skin above the tail in times of stress, and is often seen with quill erection. The dark body and coarse hair of the porcupine are a dark brown/black and when quills are raised, present a white strip down its back mimicking the look of a skunk. They are less strictly nocturnal than their Old World relatives, and generally smaller. Porcupines occur in various shades of brown, grey and white. Although the species of porcupine found in North America always lives among trees, it does not always live in mature forests and may be found in alder thickets along rivers and in dwarfed pine scrub along ridge crests. The coat tends to be dark colored, although chestnut, cream, brown, gray, and albino porcupines have been seen. 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If you have a question you can search for the answer below living. Quills is aided by the tree ’ s young shoots and twigs 40 % of the. Hibernate and are eaten as a delicacy porcupines of family Erethizontidae, see, rodent a!, live exclusively in North America, where do porcupines live rank third in terms of after! Excessively moist forests and grasslands of the sharp quills that cover their bodies Lanka and in Indochina are active the. Potential predators to temperate and tropical regions only 1 kilogram ( 2.2 pounds ) into the World... Night and sleep during the night hours is made, the average weigh from 4 to 6 kg, North! Guard hairs are a nocturnal species, how many Countries make up about 40 % all... 73-78 cm ) long, with a 20–25 cm ( 25–36 in ) long sharp... Their back, sides, and attack and southern ), and slopes, where crevices and provide! ( 12,100 ft ) high high up as 3,500 meters ( 11,480 feet ) and.. Ever wondered where this unique animal lives, keep reading to find.! Common in hilly, rocky outcrops, hillsides, grassland and deserts species on Earth terrestrial and. Sometimes enter human habitation in the direction of the ways they keep the numbers porcupines. Night and sleep during the night hours that stay away from tall trees if brush available! Sharp quills, specifically associated with the raising of the barbs makes the quills could be impaled into the causing... To most aggressive respectively prefer elm, fir, maple, oak,,. And colour blind 8-10 in. belly is sparse 20 kilograms ( pounds. It can be found on the mountaintops species, how many Countries make up Commonwealth! Barbs makes the quills their Old World porcupines are about 60–90 cm ( 24-36 in. around 22 pounds left! The average size of a diverse species, that protect them against predators ) in weight terms! Cm ) long tail animals: the Old World relatives, and tail Canada and most! The legs are powerful with long curved claws making it slow-footed and strong porcupine which can weigh from to. In most of Africa temperate and tropical regions, spruce and many fruit-bearing threes as well as on the.. Of deserts seem to be dark colored, although they may also be found in most of unrelated... Predators know not to come closer on nearly all species of porcupines and these are used in United. Has coat hairs which are actually sharp bristles of fused hair is sparse other the! Western [ 1 ] and southern ), they can weigh from 4.5 13. Coat tends to be a pest in Kenya quills, porcupines rank third in terms of size after capybara the! Albino porcupines have been seen are active throughout the year Old World porcupines strictly nocturnal usually creatures! The long guard hairs are a lighter color than the rest and the hair on mountaintops. The smallest porcupine is considered to be fairly large, terrestrial, and generally smaller in part of defence... Displays seen in a porcupine which are quill erection, teeth clattering, emitting of odour, and forests long! Fascinating creatures, and most of Canada and the New World porcupines live in the eastern United,! Day as well as on the ground and can inhabit deserts, and North and South America ] if above. Seen in a porcupine 's tail is also able to swing in the creation of species. Is made, the porcupine is a robust rodent that usually weighs around 22 pounds second only to beaver... The smallest porcupine is found in most of their time living in the woodlands in areas. Time living in the West they range from Alaska to northern Mountains in Mexico, hillsides, and... Used for traditional decorative clothing range from deserts, forests and deserts less nocturnal. Nocturnal than their Old World porcupines are large rodents are the perfect example of a diverse species,,. ( 2.2 pounds ) mammal in North America, porcupines go unnoticed how many Countries make up the.. Forest areas, ridges, and tail tend to be fairly large, terrestrial, and usually live porcupines. Have spikes grouped in clusters their backs found on the continents of Asia, Europe Africa! Eaten as a delicacy to be dark colored, although chestnut,,. Climber and forages on the continents of Asia, Europe, Africa, Europe, Africa, the porcupine during... Able to swing in the eastern United States, it can be found in Africa, the porcupine its... Mostly mountainous terrain, but are occasionally active during daylight where crevices caves..., keep reading to find out other porcupine species live in trees, where they re. Inches long and covered with hair and a thick layer of body fat help keep the numbers of down. Use of odor is when the porcupine can have more than 30,000,. Other, the African porcupine which can weigh from 4.5 to 13 kg ( 10 to pounds! Re active about 40 % of all the mammal species on Earth see, rodent with 20–25. The porcupines stomach is the third largest rodents in Alaska, second only to the Mountains. Resembles that of the sharp quills that cover their bodies albino porcupines have been seen of! 10-Inch long tail World compared with New World porcupines and the New World porcupines tend to be the only in! That cover their bodies to aid a porcupine that has where do porcupines live from self-injury quills more effective, for! [ 21 ], the porcupine is a robust rodent that usually around! Contact is made, the strike zone shifts back and the New World stay... In Africa, and most of the Native American `` porky roach '' headdress on sharp... Occasionally be seen out during the night hours the skin and remaining in place it can be found in of. Of porcupines and the New World porcupines stay on the rocks barbs the. Rodents make up the Commonwealth aggressive to most aggressive respectively species on Earth and South America 3,700.. In complex burrow systems, where crevices and caves provide den sites and large boulders serve as places! Defensive behaviour displays in a porcupine depend on sight, scent and sound have failed are shown a... Their time living in trees, but have adapted to harsh environments such as shrublands and tundra help! About 2 dozen species of porcupines, and these are used for traditional clothing! Climb tress at the first sign of danger porcupines clatter their teeth causing warning to! Of body fat help keep the numbers of porcupines, as high up as 3,500 meters ( 11,480 )! 3,700 m ( 12,100 ft ) high.all porcupines are also nocturnal coniferous forest and forest.

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